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Decreasing Stigma and Improving Therapeutic Interventions for Psychiatric Patients in the Emergency Department

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Findings suggest that stigma associated with mental health may be as strong in healthcare providers as it is in the general public. Research involving non-behavioral health nurses, and medical and nursing students, sought to identify bias and negative attitudes directed

Findings suggest that stigma associated with mental health may be as strong in healthcare providers as it is in the general public. Research involving non-behavioral health nurses, and medical and nursing students, sought to identify bias and negative attitudes directed towards psychiatric patients in a non-psychiatric setting. Studies were reviewed to determine the effects of educational interventions to teach empathy and increase knowledge related to the pathology of, and treatment modalities for, psychiatric patients. Several scales were used to measure bias and rate interventions to minimize it.

Studies found that healthcare personnel, including nurses, are considered by mental health consumers to be primary contributors to stigma and discrimination against those with mental illness. The studies also discovered that participation in an educational intervention to learn empathy and acquire knowledge about psychiatric patients directly decreased bias. The project utilized the evidence-based practice PRECEDE-PROCEED model (PPM) supported by Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory (SCT). Combining the PPM with the SCT is supported in the literature as they both rely on learned behavior.

Moving forward, the presentation was completed and participation sought. It was at this point the project shifted its perspective. Out of 80 nurses asked to attend 1 of the 2 presentations, a total of 3 nurses participated. The search for statistical significance was not possible. We were left to formulate descriptive statistics to interpret the outcomes and reflect on their meaning.

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2016-04-24

Inspiring Innovative Leadership Behaviors to Improve Emergency Department Nurse Retention

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The World Health Organization (2010) reports the nursing shortage is a global issue. With the impact of the shortage causing concern for nurse leaders, retaining Registered Nurses (RNs) is an effective strategy. The emergency department (ED) work environment provides an

The World Health Organization (2010) reports the nursing shortage is a global issue. With the impact of the shortage causing concern for nurse leaders, retaining Registered Nurses (RNs) is an effective strategy. The emergency department (ED) work environment provides an additional challenge to keep nurses as the ED is a fast-paced, critical care setting where RNs are providing care to multiple patients with a wide range of needs every shift. This paper will examine current literature addressing factors impacting and strategies for improving ED RN retention.

A systematic review of the literature showed relationship-focused/transformational leadership practices have a positive influence on job satisfaction and organizational commitment which translates to higher RN retention. The literature also indicated complexity leadership is needed in today’s changing health care environment. An evidence-based practice project was designed to assist the ED leaders evaluate and improve their leadership behaviors. A combination of education and coaching was provided, utilizing the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire to assess the participants’ self- and rater evaluations before and after the intervention.

Although the results were not statically significant, feedback from participants and observations by the coach identified the education and coaching did have an impact on individuals that actively participated in the project. Those that embraced the concepts and followed through on their action plans have continued to practice, further developing innovative leadership behaviors after the project timeframe was completed

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2016-04-29