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Nutrition and Activity Education for Hispanic Children: An Updated Curriculum

Description

This project modifies an existing theory-based culturally responsive nutrition and physical activity curriculum designed for early adolescent Hispanic children. Modifications to the Salud con Sabor Latino para los Ninos (SSLN) curriculum, originally designed for adolescents, include didactic content and activities

This project modifies an existing theory-based culturally responsive nutrition and physical activity curriculum designed for early adolescent Hispanic children. Modifications to the Salud con Sabor Latino para los Ninos (SSLN) curriculum, originally designed for adolescents, include didactic content and activities which are evidence-based and age appropriate for younger children (second to fourth grade). Using a community based participatory research approach, culturally responsive and developmentally cognizant modifications were made based on child development theories, social behavior theory, and evidence of successful obesity interventions among this age group. The end goal is to assist the community partner, Esperança, and provide an opportunity to impact obesity rates in this high risk population.
The goal of the updated eight session SSLN program is to decrease BMI, increase nutritional knowledge, and improve attitude and behavior towards nutrition and physical activity in Hispanic school-aged children. After meeting with Esperança to identify which elements of the curriculum needed modification, an extensive literature review was conducted to identify new and relevant research appropriate to the modifications. Integrating child development theories, social behavior theory, and results from earlier successful obesity intervention programs, curriculum sessions will be condensed and modified using a community base participatory research approach. Once edits to the curriculum are completed and approved, Esperança will implement the newly modified curriculum, and evaluate the success of the curriculum changes.
The final project is composed of a condensed, theory-based, culturally responsive, and developmentally age appropriate eight session curricula that will educate Hispanic school-aged children on nutrition and physical activity.

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Created

Date Created
2018-05

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Arizona Nurses Association Member Involvement in Public Policy

Description

The purpose of the study was to determine the level and type of public policy involvement among registered nurses (RN) who are members of the Arizona Nurses Association (AzNA). Furthermore, the aim of the study was to identify the knowledge

The purpose of the study was to determine the level and type of public policy involvement among registered nurses (RN) who are members of the Arizona Nurses Association (AzNA). Furthermore, the aim of the study was to identify the knowledge base and motivation of nurses and their involvement in public policy as well as the barriers and benefits. A 20- item survey was sent to all of the members of AzNA. There were 39 responses used in the analysis. The highest reported public policy activities in which the nurses had participated were: voted (90%), contacted a public official (51%), and gave money to a campaign or for a public policy concern (46%). Lack of time was the most frequently reported barrier to involvement and improving the health of the public was the most frequently reported benefit to involvement. The number of public policy education/information sources and the highest level of education positively correlate to the nurses' total number of public policy activities (r = .627 p <0.05; r = .504, p <0.05). Based on the results of stepwise linear regression analysis, the participants' age, number of education/information sources, and efficacy expectation predict 68.8% of involvement in public policy activities. The greater the number of education/information sources, the greater the number of public policy activities nurses report having participated in.

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Date Created
2015-12

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The Effects of a Medication Therapy Management Program on Quality of Life in Hispanic Patients with Diabetes

Description

The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of an existing medication management program in Hispanic individuals with diabetes, focusing on overall management and perceived quality of life (QOL). Diseases such as diabetes affect an individual's physical health,

The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of an existing medication management program in Hispanic individuals with diabetes, focusing on overall management and perceived quality of life (QOL). Diseases such as diabetes affect an individual's physical health, mental health, and social life. The degree to which these diseases affect an individual's life depend on how well they control and self-manage care needs. It has been found that Hispanic patients report and demonstrate inadequacy with controlling their diabetes compared to other ethnicities, making this an important public health topic (Schneiderman eta al., 2014). One of the greatest issues the Hispanic population reports as causing most concern is medication management and compliance. Poor medication adherence can increase complications of diabetes and depression, thus increasing poor overall health status and perception. Medication therapy management (MTM) programs run by clinical pharmacists are available to help with medication adherence, aiding in developing a tailored plan to help individuals manage the disease. This study is a cross-sectional study which assess reported QOL and functionality of diabetics enrolled in an MTM program. Participants were recruited from a clinic in Phoenix, Az. Patients completed a questionnaire that included demographics, a QOL questionnaire and a health belief questionnaire. A total of sixteen participants completed the study. The association between time in the medication therapy management program and its effect on general health, social functioning, emotional well-being, and hemoglobin A1C were reviewed. Though no significance was found, means were similar in all groups indicating functionality and A1C control through the diabetes support program may exist.

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Created

Date Created
2016-05

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Culturally Sensitive Diabetes Education for Hispanics

Description

Background: Type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a growing issue globally. Social determinants of health (SDH) play a crucial role on patients’ outcomes and complications from the disease. Hispanics are twice as likely to suffer from T2DM when compared to

Background: Type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a growing issue globally. Social determinants of health (SDH) play a crucial role on patients’ outcomes and complications from the disease. Hispanics are twice as likely to suffer from T2DM when compared to non-Hispanic whites, and they often rely on federally qualified community health centers (FQCHC) for their medical needs. These centers are then faced with high volume of patients with high acuity, which leads to limited time and resources to provide diabetic education.
Methods: The Purnell model of cultural competence will be used as a framework to provide unbiased, culturally tailored (CT) education to improve patients’ outcomes. The advancing research and clinical practice through close collaboration (ARCC) model will be used as it focuses on evidence-based practice (EPB) implementation that is sustainable across the system.
Purpose: The purpose of this EBP project is to promote culturally tailored (CT) DSME at a low-income FQCHC in greater Phoenix to improve diabetes outcomes and decrease complications from the disease. Consequently, decreasing the costly effects of diabetes complications to patients, FQCHC, and the state of Arizona.
Conclusion: Evidence suggest that diabetes self-care management education (DSME) is successful, independent of the format of delivery, in improving diabetes outcomes and patients’ self-care. However, it is underutilized in the United States even though it is a covered Medicare service.

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Created

Date Created
2021-04-28

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Identifying Opportunities to Address Social Determinants of Health and Antibiotic Misuse in a Federally Qualified Health Center

Description

A federally qualified health center in the southwest United States serves low-income, uninsured communities. By provider reports, unprescribed antibiotic use is common in this clinic’s population, promoting development of antibiotic resistant bacteria. Antibiotics are widely available in Mexico and may

A federally qualified health center in the southwest United States serves low-income, uninsured communities. By provider reports, unprescribed antibiotic use is common in this clinic’s population, promoting development of antibiotic resistant bacteria. Antibiotics are widely available in Mexico and may be sold illegally in the United States without a prescription. This project’s purpose is to identify social risks and opportunities for antibiotic education. A telephone survey was administered to patients at least 18 years of age. The 32-item survey included a demographic questionnaire created for this project, the PRAPARE social determinants of health questionnaire, and the Eurobarometer antimicrobial resistance questionnaire. Any social risks identified were forwarded to clinic staff for referral. The survey was completed in English or Spanish, per the participant’s preference. A total of 20 surveys were completed. Low education level and unemployment were the most common social risks identified. Spanish language, housing and food insecurity, and difficulty meeting basic needs were associated with overall higher social risks. An antibiotic knowledge gap was identified, and self-medication with antibiotics was confirmed as a behavior within the population. Although no determinants for antibiotic misuse were identified, all participants indicated preference for provider-based education. This FQHC has an opportunity to develop a provider-based educational intervention. The length of the survey and the telephone format, required due to COVID-19 restrictions, were significant limitations, impacting recruitment. Further research is needed to determine the most effective way of delivering education. The clinic is continuing to administer the PRAPARE survey, expanding data on social risks.

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Created

Date Created
2021-04-28