Supporting Advanced Practice Provider Transition to Practice: A Theoretical and Evidence-Based Intervention
New graduate nurse practitioners and physician assistants, also known as advanced practice providers (APPs), face a significant number of challenges when entering professional practice. If the new graduate does not receive sufficient guidance and support during this transition to practice (TTP), they will likely experience significant psychological stress and anxiety. If an organization does not implement measures to address TTP, the new graduate is much more likely to leave the current position within the first two years of practice.
An extensive literature review was conducted investigating the effects, and necessary components of an orientation program which supports the new graduate through TTP. Using Van Maanen & Schein’s (1979) Theory of Organizational Socialization, a comprehensive new graduate orientation program was designed and implemented in large multi-specialty practice. Initial results suggest that this program improves both the perceived organizational support felt by the new graduate, as well as the new graduates’ affective commitment to the organization. Improvements in both these dimensions have been shown to decrease turnover intention and increase retention of the employee.