Matching Items (5)

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Effect of Simulation on Interprofessional Communication and Collaboration for Nurses in China

Description

Nurses working in China do not have access to hospital data, access to professional organizations, or to the internet for reviewing evidence-based practice (EBP). Chinese healthcare organizational leaders are seeking

Nurses working in China do not have access to hospital data, access to professional organizations, or to the internet for reviewing evidence-based practice (EBP). Chinese healthcare organizational leaders are seeking international support to provide nurse leaders with necessary skills to lead China based organizations in safe, quality, healthcare delivery.

With the opening of a new hospital in Yinchuan, China, it is imperative to ensure that a climate of collaboration, teamwork, and clear communication methods exist between nurses, doctors, and other interprofessional staff members. Evidence indicates that use of simulation with standardized communication tools and processes (use of Situation-Background- Assessment-Recommendation [SBAR], TeamSTEPPS, and checklists) can facilitate interprofessional collaboration and teamwork and improve communication among interprofessional staff. Designing effective simulation scenarios with sensitivity to Chinese culture, with an interprofessional staff will enhance quality and patient safety in Chinese hospitals.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2020-04-30

Approaching Depression Related to Chronic Musculoskeletal Disorders with Interprofessional Collaboration

Description

Background and Significance: In patients with chronic joint pain, the therapeutic intervention of physical activity has been reported to be highly effective, yet underutilized. Depression is a common

Background and Significance: In patients with chronic joint pain, the therapeutic intervention of physical activity has been reported to be highly effective, yet underutilized. Depression is a common reason for this underutilization and may coexist in up to 48% of patients. By increasing screening for coexistent depression in patients with chronic joint pain using interprofessional collaboration (IPC), depression can be detected. If managed appropriately patients may interrupt the pain-depression cycle, increase utilization of physical activity and thereby improve outcomes for chronic joint pain sufferers.

Purpose/Aims: The purpose of this project was to increase the rate of depression screening for patients with chronic musculoskeletal disorders in the physical therapy setting.

Methods: The institutional review board at Arizona State University approved this study with exempt status.

Depression screening with a Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was completed by adult clients in three outpatient physical therapy clinics in the Midwest and Southwest United States (n=165). Degree of depression and patient response rates were measured and analyzed using descriptive statistics.

Staff were surveyed prior to and post project completion regarding their viewpoints on IPC and depression in this patient population. Staff demographics were analyzed and they were evaluated on their change in perception of the problem and their likelihood of sustainability with a Wilcoxin Signed Ranks Test.

Outcomes: Patient response rate was 91.5% (n=165) exposing a mean PHQ-9 score of 5.01 (mild depression). More notably, patients whom had an existing diagnosis of depression had a mean PHQ-9 score 10.47 (moderate depression) indicating poorly controlled symptoms.

After an educational session to increase knowledge, staff perception of the problem did not significantly change, with a mean score of 2.25 out of 5 predicting “somewhat” likelihood of project sustainability.

Conclusion: Implementing a PHQ-2 rather than PHQ-9 depression screening into patient’s electronic medical records would resolve staff and patient concerns of time consumption while simultaneously improving the rates of depression screening and management in patients with chronic musculoskeletal disorders.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2016-05-02

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Developing Team Skills and Attitudes through Interprofessional Leadership Competencies

Description

The health care industry increasingly recognizes interprofessional collaboration (IPC) as the key to optimizing delivery of care, and interprofessional education (IPE) has been the foundational method for building IPC. When

The health care industry increasingly recognizes interprofessional collaboration (IPC) as the key to optimizing delivery of care, and interprofessional education (IPE) has been the foundational method for building IPC. When IPC is examined, leadership skills of the practitioners are often seen as a positive force for optimizing team performance. This project aimed to deliver an education session sharing interprofessional leadership (IPL) competencies and the effect they may have on attitudes toward IPC. A pilot was designed for a single site, a student run clinic in a large city in the Southwest United States, which serves as a learning laboratory to help future health practitioners grow IPC skills through effective and innovative IPE. A search of the available evidence supporting this project revealed that educational activities delivered to practitioners can build the leadership skills seen in effective IPC.

During the Fall 2017 semester, the education sessions were delivered to student practitioners at the clinic during their semester-long rotation. The University of the West of England Interprofessional Questionnaire, designed to measure self-assessment of attitudes toward collaborative learning and collaborative working, was deployed at the beginning and end of a semester-long rotation to all students working at the clinic to look for changes. A low sample size limited results to assessment of clinical significance, but showed some changes that could be significant if the project continues. Clinically significant changes show an increase in students’ rating of their own skills and preferences toward interprofessional practice. In keeping with the learning laboratory model at the clinic, these outcomes support continued delivery and examination of the education model with subsequent clinic rotations to strengthen the conclusions being drawn from the results.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2018-04-30

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Interprofessional Collaboration in Management of Type 2 Diabetes with Attention to Social Determinants of Health

Description

Interprofessional collaboration (IP) is an approach used by healthcare organizations to improve the quality of care. Studies examining effects of IP with patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have

Interprofessional collaboration (IP) is an approach used by healthcare organizations to improve the quality of care. Studies examining effects of IP with patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have shown improvement in A1C, blood pressure, lipids, self-efficacy and overall greater knowledge of disease process and management. The purpose of this project was to evaluate the impact of IP with attention to identifying and addressing social needs of patients with T2DM. Participants at least 18 years of age with an A1C >6.5% were identified; Spanish speaking patients were included in this project. The intervention included administration of Health Leads questionnaire to assess social needs. Monthly in person or phone meetings were conducted during a 3-month period.

The patient had the option to meet with the doctor of nursing practice (DNP) student as well as other members of the team including the clinical pharmacist and social work intern. Baseline A1C levels were extracted from chart at 1st monthly meeting. Post A1C levels were drawn at the 3 month follow up with their primary care provider. Study outcomes include the difference in A1C goal attainment, mean A1C and patient satisfaction. Pre A1C levels in participants ranged from 7.1% to 9.8% with a mean of 8.3%. Post A1C levels ranged from 6.9% to 8.6% with a mean of 7.7%. Two cases were excluded as they did not respond to the intervention. A paired-samples t test was calculated to compare the mean pre A1C level to the post A1C level. The mean pre A1C level was 8.24 (sd .879), and the post A1C level was 7.69 (sd .631). A significant decrease from pre to post A1C levels was found (t (6) = 2.82, p<.05).

The prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes is on the rise, as are the costs. This nation’s healthcare system must promote interprofessional collaboration and do a better job of addressing SDOH to more effectively engage patients in the management of their disease.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2018-04-27

Interprofessional Collaborative Education in Mental Health: Exploring Attitudes and Beliefs About Collaboration and Teamwork

Description

Purpose: Assess provider perceptions on care coordination, collaboration, teamwork, and shared decision-making practices pre and post a brief educational intervention on interprofessional collaboration (IPC).

Background and significance: A lack of care

Purpose: Assess provider perceptions on care coordination, collaboration, teamwork, and shared decision-making practices pre and post a brief educational intervention on interprofessional collaboration (IPC).

Background and significance: A lack of care coordination and active follow up in the outpatient setting of individuals living with mental illness places this population at high risk for developing various comorbidities. Care coordination across care providers and patients in a IPC, patient-centered treatment model of care is an intervention that can reduce this barrier to care.

Methods: At a behavioral health clinic in the southwestern United States (U.S.) twenty-two participants were assessed via the Collaborative Practice Assessment Tool (CPAT), before and after an educational presentation on IPC care. The CPAT is a tool that was developed to assess collaborative practice within teams and help identify needs for professional development.

Results: Statistical significance was found from pretest to posttest scores (t(21) = -1.936, p = .066). Statistical significance was found in two of the eight domains; mission, meaningful purpose, and goals (p = .009) and decision-making and conflict management (p = .058). Increases in posttest scores were seen in all eight domains.

Conclusions: Training behavioral health professionals in IPC practice and teambuilding may facilitate improved clinical team experiences and communication. Behavioral health professionals treating individuals living with serious mental illness (SMI), IPC training could prepare providers to work more effectively and efficiently in the delivery of patient-centered care in this population with complex health care needs.

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Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2016-05-04