The objective of this study was to evaluate possible bioremediation strategy for aerobic aquifers by combining ZVI chemical reduction and microbial reductive dechlorination for TCE and ClO4-. To achieve this objective, continuous flow-through soil columns were used to test the hypothesis that bioaugmentation with dechlorinating enrichment cultures downstream of the ZVI injection can lead to complete reduction of TCE and ClO4- in aerobic aquifers. We obtained soil and groundwater from a Superfund site in Arizona. The experiments consisted of 205 cm3 columns packed with soil and ZVI, which fed 1025 cm3 columns packed with soil, biostimulated with fermentable substrates and bioaugmented. Aerobic groundwater was pumped through the ZVI columns. The ZVI reduced the oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) of groundwater from +150 mV to -190 mV. The reduced groundwater and biostimulation with fermentable substrates created anaerobic conditions in the bioaugmentation columns favorable for anaerobic microbial activity. Perchlorate (ClO4-) reduction to non-detectable levels occurred after biostimulation. Reduction of TCE to cis-dichloroethene, vinyl chloride and ethene was observed only after bioaugmentation. Within ~120 days of continuous columns operation, ethene was produced in the bioaugmentation columns this dechlorination activity was sustained until the end of experiments. The groundwater from the Superfund site had high concentration of sulfate (~1000 mg/L). Substantial sulfate reduction occurred in the bioaugmentation columns. Complete microbial reduction of TCE and perchlorate is usually challenging in the presence of high sulfate concentration; however, the strategy tested in this study suggests that a bioremediation scheme for simultaneous reduction of TCE and perchlorate in aerobic aquifers containing high sulfate concentration is feasible.