Matching Items (2)

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The impact of coordination quality on coordination dynamics and team performance: when humans team with autonomy

Description

This increasing role of highly automated and intelligent systems as team members has started a paradigm shift from human-human teaming to Human-Autonomy Teaming (HAT). However, moving from human-human teaming to HAT is challenging. Teamwork requires skills that are often missing

This increasing role of highly automated and intelligent systems as team members has started a paradigm shift from human-human teaming to Human-Autonomy Teaming (HAT). However, moving from human-human teaming to HAT is challenging. Teamwork requires skills that are often missing in robots and synthetic agents. It is possible that adding a synthetic agent as a team member may lead teams to demonstrate different coordination patterns resulting in differences in team cognition and ultimately team effectiveness. The theory of Interactive Team Cognition (ITC) emphasizes the importance of team interaction behaviors over the collection of individual knowledge. In this dissertation, Nonlinear Dynamical Methods (NDMs) were applied to capture characteristics of overall team coordination and communication behaviors. The findings supported the hypothesis that coordination stability is related to team performance in a nonlinear manner with optimal performance associated with moderate stability coupled with flexibility. Thus, we need to build mechanisms in HATs to demonstrate moderately stable and flexible coordination behavior to achieve team-level goals under routine and novel task conditions.

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Agent

Created

Date Created
2017

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Team Situation Awareness in Next Generation Combat Vehicle

Description

In human-autonomy teams (HATs), the human needs to interact with one or more autonomous agents, and this new type of interaction is different than the existing human-to-human interaction. Next Generation Combat Vehicles (NGCVs), which are envisioned for the U.S. military

In human-autonomy teams (HATs), the human needs to interact with one or more autonomous agents, and this new type of interaction is different than the existing human-to-human interaction. Next Generation Combat Vehicles (NGCVs), which are envisioned for the U.S. military are associated with the concept of HAT. As NGCVs are in the early stage of development, it is necessary to develop different training methods and measures for team effectiveness. The way team members communicate and task complexity are factors affecting team efficiency. This study analyzes the impact of two interaction strategies and task complexity on team situation awareness among 22 different teams. Teams were randomly assigned different interaction conditions and went through two missions to finish their assigned tasks. Results indicate that the team with the procedural interaction strategy had better team situation awareness according to the Coordinated Awareness of the Situation by Teams (CAST) scores on the artillery calls. However, the difference between the strategies was not found on CAST scores of perturbations, map accuracy, or Situation Awareness Global Assessment Technique (SAGAT) scores. Additionally, the impact of task complexity on the team situation awareness was not found. Implications and suggestions for future work are discussed.

Contributors

Agent

Created

Date Created
2021