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Hyphenation of a microfluidic platform with MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry for single cell analysis

Description

Cell heterogeneity is widely present in the biological world and exists even in an isogenic population. Resolving the protein heterogeneity at the single cell level is of enormous biological and

Cell heterogeneity is widely present in the biological world and exists even in an isogenic population. Resolving the protein heterogeneity at the single cell level is of enormous biological and clinical relevance. However, single cell protein analysis has proven to be challenging due to extremely low amount of protein in a single cell and the huge complexity of proteome. This requires appropriate sampling and sensitive detection techniques. Here, a new approach, microfluidics combined with MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry was brought forward, for the analysis of proteins in single cells. The detection sensitivity of peptides as low as 300 molecules and of proteins as low as 10^6 molecules has been demonstrated. Furthermore, an immunoassay was successfully integrated in the microfluidic device for capturing the proteins of interest and further identifying them by subsequent enzymatic digestion. Moreover, an improved microfluidic platform was designed with separate chambers and valves, allowing the absolute quantification by employing iTRAQ tags or an isotopically labeled peptide. The study was further extended to analyze a protein in MCF-7 cell lysate. The approach capable of identifying and quantifying protein molecules in MCF-7 cells is promising for future proteomic studies at the single cell level.

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Created

Date Created
  • 2016

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Highly Multiplexed Single Cell in situ Protein Analysis with Cleavable Fluorescent Probes

Description

Measurements of different molecular species from single cells have the potential to reveal cell-to-cell variations, which are precluded by population-based measurements. An increasing percentage of researches have been focused on

Measurements of different molecular species from single cells have the potential to reveal cell-to-cell variations, which are precluded by population-based measurements. An increasing percentage of researches have been focused on proteins, for its central roles in biological processes. Immunofluorescence (IF) has been a well-established protein analysis platform. To gain comprehensive insights into cell biology and diagnostic pathology, a crucial direction would be to increase the multiplexity of current single cell protein analysis technologies.

An azide-based chemical cleavable linker has been introduced to design and synthesis novel fluorescent probes. These probes allow cyclic immunofluorescence staining which leads to the feasibility of highly multiplexed single cell in situ protein profiling. These highly multiplexed imaging-based platforms have the potential to quantify more than 100 protein targets in cultured cells and more than 50 protein targets in single cells in tissues.

This approach has been successfully applied in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) brain tissues. Multiplexed protein expression level results reveal neuronal heterogeneity in the human hippocampus.

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Agent

Created

Date Created
  • 2019