2023-03-23T20:56:13Zhttps://keep.lib.asu.edu/oai/requestoai:keep.lib.asu.edu:node-1334822021-08-11T21:09:57Zoai_pmh:all133482
https://hdl.handle.net/2286/R.I.48225
http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
2018-05
46 pages
eng
Browning, Jacob Christian
Meuth, Ryan
Jones, Donald
McCulloch, Robert
Computer Science and Engineering Program
School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences
Barrett, The Honors College
Text
Cryptocurrencies have become one of the most fascinating forms of currency and economics due to their fluctuating values and lack of centralization. This project attempts to use machine learning methods to effectively model in-sample data for Bitcoin and Ethereum using rule induction methods. The dataset is cleaned by removing entries with missing data. The new column is created to measure price difference to create a more accurate analysis on the change in price. Eight relevant variables are selected using cross validation: the total number of bitcoins, the total size of the blockchains, the hash rate, mining difficulty, revenue from mining, transaction fees, the cost of transactions and the estimated transaction volume. The in-sample data is modeled using a simple tree fit, first with one variable and then with eight. Using all eight variables, the in-sample model and data have a correlation of 0.6822657. The in-sample model is improved by first applying bootstrap aggregation (also known as bagging) to fit 400 decision trees to the in-sample data using one variable. Then the random forests technique is applied to the data using all eight variables. This results in a correlation between the model and data of 9.9443413. The random forests technique is then applied to an Ethereum dataset, resulting in a correlation of 9.6904798. Finally, an out-of-sample model is created for Bitcoin and Ethereum using random forests, with a benchmark correlation of 0.03 for financial data. The correlation between the training model and the testing data for Bitcoin was 0.06957639, while for Ethereum the correlation was -0.171125. In conclusion, it is confirmed that cryptocurrencies can have accurate in-sample models by applying the random forests method to a dataset. However, out-of-sample modeling is more difficult, but in some cases better than typical forms of financial data. It should also be noted that cryptocurrency data has similar properties to other related financial datasets, realizing future potential for system modeling for cryptocurrency within the financial world.
Statistics
Cryptocurrency
Machine Learning
Probability
data
Mathematics
Utilizing Machine Learning Methods to Model Cryptocurrency