Pre-Prandial Insulin Administration
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a detrimental disease that afflicts approximately 23.6 million Americans and costs $176 billion dollars annually in direct medical expenses (American Diabetes Association [ADA], 2015). Approximately 208,000 children and adolescents with diabetes are under the age of 20 years (ADA, 105; CDC, 2014). Currently, the standard of medical practice in school-aged children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes is to administer insulin after the child or teen has eaten. The most current evidence has demonstrated a decrease hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) and preference for pre-prandial insulin administration (Cobry et al., 2010; Danne et al., 2003; DePalma et al., 2011; Enander et al., 2012; Luijf et al., 2010; Scaramuzza et al., 2010).
This Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) project delivered an educational program for parents of school age children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes and instituted pre-prandial insulin administration as the standard of care in an outpatient pediatric endocrine clinic. Education was delivered in both verbal and written formats. Data collection included weekly blood glucose reports and HbA1c at initial and follow-up sessions. Descriptive statistics were utilized to analyze the data. No post intervention data was able to be collected due to participant drop out. Future directions to promote this practice change are discussed.