Implementation of a Mediterranean Diet in Type II Diabetic Patients
Type II Diabetes Mellitus has detrimental effects on the human body. A1C levels reflect the attachment of glucose to hemoglobin-the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen. Elevated A1C levels are an indicator of how controlled diabetes is. Uncontrolled diabetes not only affects glucose levels, but has detrimental repercussions in other organs of the body, causing peripheral vascular disease, risk of developing dementia, periodontal or gum disease, skin infections, neuropathy in lower and upper extremities, renal damage, erectile dysfunction, decreased blood flow, and cardiac conditions among others.
A diet low in calories positively affects glucose levels in the body. Type II Diabetes can be easily controlled when lifestyle modifications are included in the plan of care. Among those modifications, diet is an effective intervention for the management of this condition.
Establishing a diet among the patients that have an elevated A1C is the plan of care and ultimate goal for this project. The Mediterranean diet has demonstrated decreased blood glucose levels, improved weight control and enhanced quality of life.