Description
Both molecular structure of macromolecular materials and subsequent processing of these materials dictate resulting material properties. In this work novel synthetic strategies combined with detailed analytical methodology reveal fundamental structure-processing-property relationships in thermoplastic polyesters, thermoplastic polyurethanes, covalently crosslinked acetal functionalized

Both molecular structure of macromolecular materials and subsequent processing of these materials dictate resulting material properties. In this work novel synthetic strategies combined with detailed analytical methodology reveal fundamental structure-processing-property relationships in thermoplastic polyesters, thermoplastic polyurethanes, covalently crosslinked acetal functionalized networks, and small molecule surfactants. 4,4’ dimethyloxybisbenzoate afforded a series of novel polyester structures, and the incorporation of this monomer both increased the Tg and decreased the crystallinity in cyclohexane dimethanol based polyesters. Solubility and dynamic light scattering experiments combined with oscillatory rheology techniques provided methodology to validate polyurethane extrusion in commercial polyurethanes. Acid catalyzed hydroxyl addition to vinyl ethers provided two families of acetal functionalized poly(ethylene glycol hydrogels). Stoichiometric control of binary thiol-acrylate polymerizations afforded hydrogels with both tunable mechanical properties and predictable degradation profiles. Following this work, a photoacid generator catalyzed cationic catalysis provided acetal functionalized organogels whose mechanical properties were predicted by excess vinyl ether monomers which underwent cationic polymerization under the same reaction conditions that yielded acetal functionalization. Time resolved FT-IR spectroscopy provided new understanding in hydroxyl vinyl ether reactions, where both hydroxyl addition to a vinyl ether and vinyl ether cationic polymerization occur concurrently. This work inspired research into new reactive systems for photobase generator applications. However, current photobase generator technologies proved incompatible for carbon-Michael reactions between acetoacetate and acrylate functionalities as a result of uncontrollable acrylate free radical polymerization. The fundamental knowledge and synthetic strategies afforded by these investigations were applied to small molecule surfactant systems for fire-fighting applications. Triethylsilyl-containing zwitterionic and cationic surfactants displayed surface tensions lower than hydrocarbon surfactants, but larger than siloxane-containing surfactants. For the first time, oscillatory rheology and polarized optical light imagine rheology highlighted shear-induced micelle alignment in triethylsilyl surfactants, which provided more stable foams than zwitterionic analogues. The knowledge gained from these investigations provided fundamental structure-processing-property relationships in small molecule surfactant solutions applied as fire-fighting foams. This discovery regarding the effect of self-assembled structures in foam solutions informs the design and analysis of next generation surfactants to replace fluorocarbon surfactants in fire-fighting foam applications.
Reuse Permissions
  • Downloads
    pdf (8.6 MB)

    Details

    Title
    • Structure-Processing-Property Relationships in Molecular Assembly Across Length Scales: From Semicrystalline Polymers to Small Molecule Surfactants
    Contributors
    Date Created
    2023
    Resource Type
  • Text
  • Collections this item is in
    Note
    • Partial requirement for: Ph.D., Arizona State University, 2023
    • Field of study: Chemistry

    Machine-readable links