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Generally, porous structures are nano-enabled with a high loading of nanoparticles (NPs) to enhance adsorption capacity, but pore blockage plays a determinant role in kinetics in this approach. The goal of this study is to investigate the effect of NPs

Generally, porous structures are nano-enabled with a high loading of nanoparticles (NPs) to enhance adsorption capacity, but pore blockage plays a determinant role in kinetics in this approach. The goal of this study is to investigate the effect of NPs loading on the adsorption kinetics and capacity of titanium dioxide (TiO2). To accomplish this, side-emitting optical fibers impregnated with different mass loadings of TiO2 (Ti-NIFs) were developed and characterized. Additionally, taking advantage of the use of optical fibers, the potential influence of ultraviolet light (UV) irradiation in arsenate adsorption over TiO2 was studied. The adsorption kinetics and capacity of Ti-NIFs were compared with slurry TiO2 nanoparticles in batch reactors. Arsenate adsorption was evaluated under both UV irradiation and dark conditions. The Ti-NIF with the lowest TiO2 loading showed comparable adsorption rate to NPs in suspension. Higher loadings resulted in high mass-transfer limitations. Interestingly, the normalized adsorption capacity of the produced Ti-NIFs maintained the adsorption capacity similar as they were freely dispersed. The experiments showed that UV has no influence in arsenate adsorption onto TiO2, contrary to previous literature indicating a positive effect, which was likely due to pH drift. Overall, this study shows that loadings of nanoparticles below 1% effectively enhance nano-enabled surfaces' performance.
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    Title
    • Understanding Influence of Nanoparticles Loading and Pore Structure on Adsorption: A Case of Study of Titanium Dioxide Nano-impregnated Fibers for Arsenate Removal
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    Date Created
    2023
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    • Partial requirement for: M.S., Arizona State University, 2023
    • Field of study: Civil, Environmental and Sustainable Engineering

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