Quantifying halogen presence and speciation in particulate matter is crucial given the role atmospheric particulates play in transport and cycling. While some halogens (fluorine and chlorine) are often included in aerosol studies, iodine and bromine have rarely been examined, especially outside of a marine environment. Focus on this environment is, in part, due to the existence of biogenic marine sources for both halogens. However, examining iodine and bromine in an urban environment has the potential to provide key insights into the transport and processing of these species in the atmosphere. As Tempe is set within a desert environment, bromine concentration is expected to be relatively high due to its presence in Earth’s crust, while iodine is expected to exist in higher concentrations near the coast. To detect presence and concentration, ICP-MS analysis was performed on samples taken in Tempe, AZ as well as sites in Bakersfield, CA and Davis, CA, which yielded preliminary results in line with these expectations. A secondary set of samples were taken in Tempe, AZ during dust storms, haboobs, and winter holidays. CIC was used to determine the organic fraction. In doing so, this study aims to identify species present in an urban environment as well as potential transportation pathways.
- Iodine and Bromine Occurrence and Speciation in Atmospheric Particulate Matter