Multidimensional Models to Understand Travel Behavior Implications for Transport and Household Energy Use
To reduce the environmental burden of transport, previous studies have resorted on solutions that accentuate towards techno-economical pathways. However, there is growing evidence that transport behaviors, lifestyle choices, and the role of individuals' attitudes/perceptions are considered influential factors in shaping households’ engagement with sustainable technologies in the face of environmental crises. The objective of this dissertation is to develop multidimensional econometric model systems to explore complex relationships that can help us understand travel behaviors' implications for transport and household energy use. To this end, the second chapter of this dissertation utilizes the latent segmentation approach to quantify and unravel the relationship between attitudes and behaviors while recognizing the presence of unobserved heterogeneity in the population. It was found that two-thirds of the population fall in the causal structure where behavioral experiences are shaping attitudes, while for one-third attitudes are shaping behaviors. The findings have implications on the energy-behavior modeling paradigm and forecasting household energy use. Building on chapter two, the third chapter develops an integrated modeling framework to explore the factors that influence the adoption of on-demand mobility services and electric vehicle ownership while placing special emphasis on attitudes/perceptions. Results indicated that attitudes and values significantly affect the use of on-demand transportation services and electric vehicle ownership, suggesting that information campaigns and free trials/demonstrations would help advance towards the sustainable transportation future and decarbonize the transport sector. The integrated modeling framework is enhanced, in chapter four, to explore the interrelationship between transport and residential energy consumption. The findings indicated the existence of small but significant net complimentary relationships between transport and residential energy consumption. Additionally, the modeling framework enabled the comparison of energy consumption patterns across market segments. The resulting integrated transport and residential energy consumption model system is utilized, in chapter fifth, to shed light on the overall household energy footprint implications of shifting vehicle/fuel type choices. Results indicated that electric vehicles are driven as much as gasoline vehicles are. Interestingly, while an increase in residential energy consumption was observed with the wide-scale adoption of electric vehicles, the total household energy use decreased, indicating benefits associated with transportation electrification.