Early detection of disease is essential for alleviating disease burden, increasing success rate and decreasing mortality rate especially for cancer. To improve disease diagnostics, many candidate biomarkers have been suggested using molecular biology or image analysis techniques over the past decade. The receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve is a standard technique to evaluate a diagnostic accuracy of biomarkers, but it has some limitations especially for heterogeneous diseases. As an alternative of the ROC curve analysis, we suggest a jittered dot plot (JDP) and JDP-based evaluation measures, above mean difference (AMD) and averaged above mean difference (AAMD). We demonstrate how JDP and AMD or AAMD together better evaluate biomarkers than the standard ROC curve. We analyze real and heterogeneous basal-like breast cancer data.
- Evaluating Biomarkers for Heterogeneous Diseases: from Receiver Operating Characteristics Curves to Jittered Dot Plot and Averaged Above Mean Difference Analysis