Energy return in footwear is associated with the damping behavior of midsole foams, which stems from the combination of cellular structure and polymeric material behavior. Recently, traditional ethyl vinyl acetate (EVA) foams have been replaced by BOOST(TM) foams, thereby reducing the energetic cost of running. These are bead foams made from expanded thermoplastic polyurethane (eTPU), which have a multi-scale structure consisting of fused porous beads, at the meso-scale, and thousands of small closed cells within the beads at the micro-scale.
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- Doctoral Dissertation Materials Science and Engineering 2020