Reliable operation of modern power systems is ensured by an intelligent cyber layer that monitors and controls the physical system. The data collection and transmission is achieved by the supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system, and data processing is performed by the energy management system (EMS). In the recent decades, the development of phasor measurement units (PMUs) enables wide area real-time monitoring and control.
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- Doctoral Dissertation Electrical Engineering 2020