Mitochondria are energy-producing organelles present in eukaryotic cells. Energy as adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is produced at the end of a series of electron transfers called the electron transport chain (ETC). Such a highly coordinated and regulated series of electron transfer reactions give rise to a small percentage of electron leakage which, by the subsequent reduction of molecular oxygen, produce superoxide anions (O2.-). These anions initiate the production of additional highly reactive oxygen-containing radicals commonly known as reactive oxygen species (ROS).
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- Partial requirement for: Ph.D., Arizona State University, 2019Note typethesis
- Includes bibliographical references (pages 124-128)Note typebibliography
- Field of study: Chemistry