Adaptive Lighting for Data-Driven Non-Line-Of-Sight 3D Localization

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Description

Non-line-of-sight (NLOS) imaging of objects not visible to either the camera or illumina-

tion source is a challenging task with vital applications including surveillance and robotics.

Recent NLOS reconstruction advances have been

Non-line-of-sight (NLOS) imaging of objects not visible to either the camera or illumina-

tion source is a challenging task with vital applications including surveillance and robotics.

Recent NLOS reconstruction advances have been achieved using time-resolved measure-

ments. Acquiring these time-resolved measurements requires expensive and specialized

detectors and laser sources. In work proposes a data-driven approach for NLOS 3D local-

ization requiring only a conventional camera and projector. The localisation is performed

using a voxelisation and a regression problem. Accuracy of greater than 90% is achieved

in localizing a NLOS object to a 5cm × 5cm × 5cm volume in real data. By adopting

the regression approach an object of width 10cm to localised to approximately 1.5cm. To

generalize to line-of-sight (LOS) scenes with non-planar surfaces, an adaptive lighting al-

gorithm is adopted. This algorithm, based on radiosity, identifies and illuminates scene

patches in the LOS which most contribute to the NLOS light paths, and can factor in sys-

tem power constraints. Improvements ranging from 6%-15% in accuracy with a non-planar

LOS wall using adaptive lighting is reported, demonstrating the advantage of combining

the physics of light transport with active illumination for data-driven NLOS imaging.