The canon of music performed in recitals by American trombonists contains very few works for trombone by composers from Russia and the Soviet Union. Trombonists in the United States periodically perform trombone solos by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Alexei Lebedev, Vladislav Blazhevich, Gregory Kalinkovich, Alexander Tcherepnin, and Eugene Reiche. But these works represent a very small percentage of trombone solos performed in recitals in the United States, and compositions written after 1960 by composers in the U.S.S.R. are completely absent from recital programs. The purpose of this project is to identify several Soviet-era compositions for trombonists that are worthy of introduction into trombone recital programs in the West. To support the thesis that Soviet-Russian trombone music has been disproportionally under-represented in American recital programs, a survey of over 3300 trombone recitals given in the United States from 1972 to 2013 was conducted. Once a body of significant works that had previously not been performed on American trombone recitals was identified, they were acquired, analyzed, and several were performed. The following compositions represent a list of Soviet-Russian solos not programmed on any of the 3300 recitals: German Grigoryevich Okunev, Adagio and Scherzo; Gregory Markovich Kalinkovich, Concertino for Trombone; Pavel Davidovich Saliman-Vladimirov, Concertino for Trombone; Vadim Veniaminovich Kulyov, Concertino for Trombone; Vladislav Alexanderovich Uspensky, Concertino for Trombone and Orchestra; Sergei Vasilyev and Vladimir Robertovich Enke, Concerto for Trombone and Orchestra; Sergei Borisovich Chebotaryov, Rondo for Tuba; Victor Nikolaevich Smirnov, Scherzo; Alfred Garievich Schnittke,“Schall und Hall”;and Tatyana Alexseyevna Chudova, Sonata for Trombone.