Power Management circuits are employed in almost all electronic equipment and they have energy storage elements (capacitors and inductors) as building blocks along with other active circuitry. Power management circuits employ feedback to achieve good load and line regulation. The feedback loop is designed at an operating point and component values are chosen to meet that design requirements. But the capacitors and inductors are subject to variations due to temperature, aging and load stress. Due to these variations, the feedback loop can cross its robustness margins and can lead to degraded performance and potential instability. Another issue in power management circuits is the measurement of their frequency response for stability assessment. The standard techniques used in production test environment require expensive measurement equipment (Network Analyzer) and time. These two issues of component variations and frequency response measurement can be addressed if the frequency response of the power converter is used as measure of component (capacitor and inductor) variations. So, a single solution of frequency response measurement solves both the issues. This work examines system identification (frequency response measurement) of power management circuits based on cross correlation technique and proposes the use of switched capacitor correlator for this purpose. A switched capacitor correlator has been designed and used in the system identification of Linear and Switching regulators. The obtained results are compared with the standard frequency response measurement methods of power converters.
- System identification of linear and switching regulators using switched capacitor correlator
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by Venkata Naga Koushik Malladi