A novel ortho-mode transducer for the 750-1150 GHz band

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The design, fabrication and testing of a novel full waveguide band ortho-mode transducer (OMT) for operation from 750-1150 GHz is presented in this dissertation. OMT is a device that separates

The design, fabrication and testing of a novel full waveguide band ortho-mode transducer (OMT) for operation from 750-1150 GHz is presented in this dissertation. OMT is a device that separates orthogonal polarizations within the same frequency band. At millimeter and sub millimeter wavelengths, OMTs can achieve precise characterization of the amplitude, spectrum and polarization of electromagnetic radiation by increasing spectral coverage and sensitivity while reducing aperture size, optical spill and instrumental polarization offsets. A fully planar design is implemented with the use of Robinson OMT model along with a planar finline circuit. CST Microwave Studio is used to design and simulate OMT. Existing finline circuits which were fabricated using photolithographic techniques on a thin dielectric substrate were employed. The finline chips are fabricated on a thin (1 µm) SOI substrate with thick (5 µm) gold finline metallization and gold beam leads for chip grounding. The OMT is designed with H plane splits in the through arm and E plane splits in the side arm to comply with the existing machining tools and technique. Computer Numerical Controlled (CNC) machining is used to fabricate the OMT split block. The OMT is tested at Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) using Agilent PNA-X VNA and VDI WR1.0 extension heads. In the future, this OMT design could be a part of a fully integrated dual polarization mixer block, with the input horn, OMT and both mixers fabricated in a single flangeless split block. In Radio Astronomy, integrated dual polarization mixers of this type will increase the signal processing speed by 40%. This type of OMT can also be used for terahertz RADAR and communication purposes.