Polydimethyl siloxane is a commonly used fabrication material for microfluidic devices. However, its hydrophobic nature and protein adsorption on the surface restricts its use for microfluidic applications. Also, it is critical to control the electroosmotic flow for electrophoretic and dielectrophoretic manipulations. Therefore, surface modification of PDMS is essential to make it well suited for bioanalytical applications. In this project, the role of polyethylene oxide copolymers F108 and PLL-PEG has been investigated to modify the surface properties of PDMS using physisorption method. Measuring electroosmotic flow and adsorption studies tested the quality and the long-term stability of the modified PDMS surface. Static and dynamic coating strategies were used to modify the PDMS surface. In static coating, the PDMS surface was incubated with the coating agent prior to the measurements. For dynamic coating, the coating agent was always present in the solution throughout the experiment. F108 and PLL-PEG were equally effective to prevent the protein adsorption under both strategies. However, dynamic coating was more time saving. Furthermore, effective reduction of EOF was observed with F108 coating agent under dynamic conditions and with PLL-PEG coating agent under static conditions. Moreover, PLL-PEG dynamic coatings exhibited reversal of EOF. These important findings could be used to manipulate EOF and suggest optimal coating agent and strategies for PDMS surface treatment by the physisorption method.
- Surface modification of polydimethyl siloxane using polyethylene oxide copolymers
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by Shikha Manchanda