In this work, I worked on the synthesis and characterization of nanowires and belts, grown using different materials, in Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) system with catalytic growth method. Through this thesis, I utilized the Photoluminescence (PL), Secondary Electron Microscopy (SEM), Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses to find out the properties of Erbium Chloride Silicate (ECS) and two segment CdS-CdSe samples. In the first part of my research, growth of very new material, Erbium Chloride Silicate (ECS), in form of core/shell Si/ECS and pure ECS nanowires, was demonstrated. This new material has very fascinating properties for new Si based photonic devices. The Erbium density in those nanowires is which is very high value compared to the other Erbium doped materials. It was shown that the luminescence peaks of ECS nanowires are very sharp and stronger than their counterparts. Furthermore, both PL and XRD peaks get sharper and stronger as growth temperature increases and this shows that crystalline quality of ECS nanowires gets better with higher temperature. In the second part, I did a very detail research for growing two segment axial nanowires or radial belts and report that the structure type mostly depends on the growth temperature. Since our final step is to create white light LEDs using single axial nanowires which have three different regions grown with distinct materials and give red, green and blue colors simultaneously, we worked on growing CdS-CdSe nanowires or belts for the first step of our aim. Those products were successfully grown and they gave two luminescence peaks with maximum 160 nm wavelength separation depending on the growth conditions. It was observed that products become more likely belt once the substrate temperature increases. Also, dominance between VLS and VS is very critical to determine the shape of the products and the substitution of CdS by CdSe is very effective; hence, CdSe growth time should be chosen accordingly. However, it was shown two segmented products can be synthesized by picking the right conditions and with very careful analyses. We also demonstrated that simultaneous two colors lasing from a single segmented belt structures is possible with strong enough-pumping-power.