Path integral Monte Carlo simulations of semiconductor quantum dots and quantum wires he accurate simulation of many-body quantum systems is a challenge for computational physics. Quantum Monte Carlo methods are a class of algorithms that can be used to solve the many-body problem. I study many-body quantum systems with Path Integral Monte Carlo techniques in three related areas of semiconductor physics: (1) the role of correlation in exchange coupling of spins in double quantum dots, (2) the degree of correlation and hyperpolarizability in Stark shifts in InGaAs/GaAs dots, and (3) van der Waals interactions between 1-D metallic quantum wires at finite temperature. The two-site model is one of the simplest quantum problems, yet the quantitative mapping from a three-dimensional model of a quantum double dot to an effective two-site model has many subtleties requiring careful treatment of exchange and correlation. I calculate exchange coupling of a pair of spins in a double dot from the permutations in a bosonic path integral, using Monte Carlo method. I also map this problem to a Hubbard model and find that exchange and correlation renormalizes the model parameters, dramatically decreasing the effective on-site repulsion at larger separations. Next, I investigated the energy, dipole moment, polarizability and hyperpolarizability of excitonic system in InGaAs/GaAs quantum dots of different shapes and successfully give the photoluminescence spectra for different dots with electric fields in both the growth and transverse direction. I also showed that my method can deal with the higher-order hyperpolarizability, which is most relevant for fields directed in the lateral direction of large dots. Finally, I show how van der Waals interactions between two metallic quantum wires change with respect to the distance between them. Comparing the results from quantum Monte Carlo and the random phase approximation, I find similar power law dependance. My results for the calculation in quasi-1D and exact 1D wires include the effect of temperature, which has not previously been studied.autZhang, LeithsShumway, JohndgcSchmidt, KevindgcBennet, PeterdgcMenéndez, JosedgcDrucker, JeffpblArizona State UniversityengVitaPartial requirement for: Ph.D., Arizona State University, 2011Includes bibliographical references (p. 90-96)Field of study: Physicsby Lei Zhanghttps://hdl.handle.net/2286/R.I.1442600Doctoral DissertationAcademic thesesxiii, 97 p. : ill. (some col.)113458499071630349368150403adminIn CopyrightAll Rights Reserved2011TextPhysicsMonte Carlo methodQuantum dots--Mathematical models.Quantum DotsNanowires--Mathematical models.NanowiresSemiconductors--Mathematical models.