Stress granules are cytoplasmic foci that form in response to various types of cellular stress, including viral infection. They contain mRNA, translation initiation factors, the small ribosomal subunit, RNA binding proteins, and other unique components depending on the type of stress the cell is under. Stress granules are thought to store these components until the stress as passed at which time the mRNA resumes translation. They also have an active role in the cell's antiviral response and are required for efficient induction of the interferon pathway.
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