The Quadrangles Av-11 and Av-12 on Vesta are located at the northern rim of the giant Rheasilvia south polar impact basin. The primary geologic units in Av-11 and Av-12 include material from the Rheasilvia impact basin formation, smooth material and different types of impact crater structures (such as bimodal craters, dark and bright crater ray material and dark ejecta material). Av-11 and Av-12 exhibit almost the full range of mass wasting features observed on Vesta, such as slump blocks, spur-and-gully morphologies and landslides within craters. Processes of collapse, slope instability and seismically triggered events force material to slump down crater walls or scarps and produce landslides or rotational slump blocks. The spur-and-gully morphology that is known to form on Mars is also observed on Vesta; however, on Vesta this morphology formed under dry conditions.
Krohn, K., Jaumann, R., Otto, K., Hoogenboom, T., Wagner, R., Buczkowski, D. L., Garry, B., Williams, D. A., Yingst, R. A., Scully, J., De Sanctis, M. C., Kneissl, T., Schmedemann, N., Kersten, E., Stephan, K., Matz, K-D., Pieters, C. M., Preusker, F., Roatsch, T., Schenk, P., Russell, C. T., & Raymond, C. A. (2014). Mass movement on Vesta at steep scarps and crater rims. ICARUS, 244, 120-132. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2014.03.013
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