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Throughout history, various civilizations developed methodologies for the collection and disposal of human waste. The methodologies throughout the centuries have been characterized by technological peaks on the one hand, and

Throughout history, various civilizations developed methodologies for the collection and disposal of human waste. The methodologies throughout the centuries have been characterized by technological peaks on the one hand, and by the disappearance of the technologies and their reappearance on the other. The purpose of this article is to trace the development of sewage collection and transport with an emphasis on toilets in ancient civilizations.

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    Date Created
    • 2016-08-13
    Resource Type
  • Text
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    Identifier
    • Digital object identifier: 10.3390/su8080779
    • Identifier Type
      International standard serial number
      Identifier Value
      2071-1050
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    Antoniou, G., Feo, G. D., Fardin, F., Tamburrino, A., Khan, S., Tie, F., . . . Angelakis, A. (2016). Evolution of Toilets Worldwide through the Millennia. Sustainability, 8(8), 779. doi:10.3390/su8080779

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